On March 25, 1911, a fire broke out at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory in Manhattan.
Known as the worst industrial disaster in the country, more than a hundred workers died in the incident.
The victims were mostly young women and girls from various immigrant groups, including those between the ages of 14 and 23. The oldest victim was 43 years old.
The Brown Building, formerly known as the Empire State Building, is located in New York City. In 1901, a fire broke out inside the building. Several workers trapped inside the structure jumped out of its windows.
In October 1989, a fire at the Triangle West Company factory in New York City established safety standards for factories. It also spurred the growth of the garment workers union ILGWU.
Max Blanc and Isaac Harris owned the factory, which produced women’s blouses. It employed about 500 workers, mostly Italian and Jewish immigrant girls.
At 4:45 p.m. on March 25, 1911, a fire broke out in a junk bin under a cutter’s table on the 8th floor. The fire was reported by a passerby who saw smoke billowing out of the building.
The fire marshal said the fire most likely started from a match or cigarette butt thrown inside the scrap bin. It was stored for a long time before the fire started.
Under the table was a pile of shirts that were left over from when the bin was emptied. The clothes hanging around the bin were also flammable.
As a smoke-free environment was implemented in factories, workers were known to snatch cigarettes behind fire detectors. It was suggested that the fire may have been started by the engines that were used to operate the sewing machines.
When it came to Shirtwaist, the insurance industry was criticized for its saturated moral hazard.
An eighth-floor worker could already have warned those working on the tenth floor, but there was no way to contact them on the ninth floor.
There were several exits and stairs on the floor that prevented workers from going down. Also, locks on the doors were used to prevent theft.
It has been theorized that the fire was triggered by the management’s anti-union bias, and that they closed the exit doors so that workers could not enter. Many of them escaped by climbing the stairs to the roof.
As the elevator door opened, several survivors tried to make their way back to the platform. The only way back down was to escape from the single outside fire.
The skyscraper collapsed due to incineration in the scorching heat. It continued to burn for a long time before the fire brigade arrived and its stairs could only reach the 7th floor.
Some of the victims tried to climb the elevator by pushing the door. The weight of the bodies crushed the parts of the car. Then it was impossible for Zito to get back in the elevator.
On 25 March 1952, more than 60 people were killed by jumping off a burning building. Witnesses said they saw people fall from the building.
The day was unpleasant, but the cozy reading room was still a pleasant place to spend time. As I delved into my book, I learned of fire engines running past.
People were running towards the spot near Aash Building. Police and fire tenders were also deployed on the spot.
The eighth and ninth floors of the building were now engulfed in flames. The news that the Triangle West Company’s plant was on fire caused shock waves through the East Side, and hundreds of workers were trapped inside.
There was a time when a girl would run away from the flames and scream like a living torch. Others would die by falling from the flames.
The crowd was frenzied, and many of them fainted. Men were also thrown into the police line. At that time it was believed that about 146 people had died in the fire.
Most of the victims died of asphyxiation, burns and blunt impact injuries.
Some of the victims were buried in different cemeteries. Others are buried in Mount Richmond Cemetery.
The victims were buried together in the cemetery of Evergreen. His remains were then placed under a memorial to the tragedy.
Defendants’ defense attorney Max Steer destroyed the credibility of one of the survivors, Kate Alterman, by asking them to repeat the testimony multiple times.
Prosecutors argued that the owners knew the exits were locked, but defense said it was not their fault and that the locks were meant to be kept during working hours.
The insurance company for Blank and Harris was able to pay them and their partner about $60,000 more than they reported.
Rose Schneiderman gave a passionate speech at a memorial meeting in 1911. He used fire to advocate for unionization.
We have tried you, and we have found you wanting. We are trying to help those who are suffering, and every time activists protest the conditions in which they are forced to live, the law is used to suppress them.
Government officials have only words of warning for us, and they are back with their warnings.
The only way to save yourself is to become a working class movement.
A committee was formed to look into the various problems of the public in New York City. Among its members was Frances Perkins, who later became a member of the U.S. Became Secretary of Labor.
Committee members were able to gain the support of some powerful individuals in Albany, such as Al Smith of Tammany Hall and Robert Wagner of the Senate.
The New York State Legislature Committee was established to investigate the condition of the factory in the state. It was presided over by Wagner. The commission was tasked with recommending legislation to prevent workplace hazards and deaths.
He conducted multiple investigations across the state, gathered more than 200 witnesses and took thousands of pages of testimony. Then he focused on protecting factories.